Learn Tenses | Present Tense

 

So first of all thanks for choosing this article on the learning tenses and now here, you will come to know about so many benefits for the same.

At the end of the article, we also discuss how you can learn it with ease.

Therefore, without wasting your precious time let us start it with step by step:-

Learn Tenses

Three types of tenses-:

  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense

Present Tense

  • Present Indefinite 
  • Present Continuous
  • Present Perfect 
  • Present Perfect Continuous

Present Indefinite

  • Present Indefinite Simple
  • Present Indefinite Negative
  • Present Indefinite Interrogative
  • Present Indefinite Interrogative + Negative

Present Indefinite (Simple)

Pachan -> Taa hai , Ti hai , Te hai.  Example – Ram jata hai -> Ram goes.

Rules-:

Singular -> Subject -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> subject + I st form (verb) + S or es
Plural -> Subject -> ( you, we, they , I ) -> subject + I st form (verb)

 

Present Indefinite (Negative)

Pehchan -> Nahi ke sath -> Ta hai , Ti hai , Te hai.  Example – Ram nahi gata hai -> Ram does not sing.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> sub + does not + I st form
Plural -> ( you, we, they, i )-> sub + do not + I st form

 

Present Indefinite (Interrogative) 

Pehchan -> Kya ke sath -> Ta hai , Ti hai , Te hai.  Example – kya Ram ghaana gata hai? -> Does ram sing the song?.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) -> Does + sub + Ist form
Plural -> ( You , we , they , i ) -> Do + Sub + Ist Form

 

Present Indefinite (Interrogative + Negative)

Pehchan ->  Kya ke sath + Nahi -> Ta hai , Ti hai , Te hai.  Example – kya ram ghaana nahi gata h? -> Does ram not sing the song?

Rules:-

Singular -> ( he, she, it , name ) -> Does + subject + not + Ist form
Plural -> ( you , we ,they , i ) -> Do + subject + not + Ist form

 

Present Continuous

  • Present Continuous Simple
  • Present Continuous Negative
  • Present Continuous Interrogative
  • Present Continuous Interrogative + Negative

Present Continuous (Simple)

Pehchan -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai.  Example – Ram ja raha hai -> Ram going.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( He, she, it, name ) -> subject + is + I st form + ing
Plural -> ( you, we, they ) -> subject + are + I st form + ing
Plural -> ( i ) -> subject + am + I st + ing

 

Present Continuous (Negative)

Pehchan -> Nahi ke sath -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai.  Example – Ram nahi ja raha hai -> Ram is not going.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> sub + is + not + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( you, we, they  ) -> sub + are + not+ Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( i ) -> sub + am + not + I st form + ing

 

Present Continuous (Interrogative)

Pehchan -> Kya ke sath ->  Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai.  Example – kya Ram ja raha hai? -> Is ram going?

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) -> Is + sub + Ist Form + ing
Plural -> ( You , we , they ) -> Are + Subject + Ist + ing
Plural -> ( i ) -> Am + subject + Ist form +ing

 

Present Continuous (Interrogative + Negative)

Pehchan -> Kya ke sath + nahi -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai.  Example – kya Ram nahi ja raha hai? -> Is ram not going?

Rules-:

Singular-> ( he , she , it , name ) -> Is + sub + not + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( You , we , they ) -> Are + sub + not + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( i ) -> Am + Sub + not + Ist form + ing

 

Present Perfect

  • Present Perfect simple
  • Present Perfect Negative
  • Present Perfect Interrogative
  • Present Perfect Interrogative + Negative

Present Perfect Simple

Pehchan -> chuka hai , chuki hai , chuke hai.  

ah hai , e hai , ah hai.  Example -> Ram ja chuka hai -> Ram has gone. 

 Ram ah gya hai -> Ram has come.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> subject + has + III rd form verb
Plural -> ( you, we, they, i ) -> subject + have + III rd form verb

 

Present Perfect Negative

Pehchan -> Nahi ke sath -> chuka hai , chuki hai , chuke hai.   

ah hai , e hai , ah hai.  Example -> Ram nahi ja chuka hai -> Ram has not gone.

 Ram nahi  gya hai -> Ram has not come.

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> sub + has + not + IIIrd form
Plural -> ( you, we, they, i ) -> sub+ have + not + IIIrd form

 

Present Perfect Interrogative

Pehchan -> kya ke sath -> chuka hai , chuki hai , chuke hai.

ah hai , e hai , ah hai. Example -> kya ram ja chuka hai? -> Has ram gone?

 kya ram ah gya hai? ->  Has ram come?

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) -> Has + sub +IIIrd form
Plural -> ( You , we , they , i ) -> Have + sub + IIIrd from

 

Present Perfect Interrogative +  Negative

Pehchan -> kya ke sath + nahi -> chuka hai , chuki hai , chuke hai.

 ah hai , e hai , ah hai. Example -> kya ram nahi ja chuka hai -> Has ram not gone?

 kya ram nahi gya hai? -> Has ram not gone?

Rules-:

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) –> has + sub + not + IIIrd form
Plural -> ( you , we , they , i ) -> have + sub + not + IIIrd form

 

Present Perfect Continuous

  • Present Perfect Continuous Simple
  • Present Perfect Continuous Negative
  • Present Perfect Continuous Interrogative
  • Present Perfect Continuous Interrogative + Negative

Present Perfect Continuous Simple

Pehchan -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai + Time

Rules-:

Since (Fixed time)  –   For (Not fixed time)

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> subject + has + been + I st form verb + ing.
Plural -> ( you, we, they, i ) – > subject + have + been + I st form verb + ing.

Example’s -> Ram yaha june se padha raha hai -> Ram has been teaching here since june.

 Ram do ganthe se padh raha hai -> Ram has been studying for two hours.

 Tum yaha do mehne se kaam kar rahe ho -> You have been working here for two months.

 

Present Perfect Continuous Negative

Pehchan -> Nahi ke sath -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai + Time

Rules-:

Since (Fixed time)  –   For (Not fixed time)

Singular -> ( he, she, it, name ) -> sub + has + not + been + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( you, we, they, i ) -> sub + have + not + been + Ist form + ing

Example’s -> Ram yaha june se nahi padha raha hai -> Ram has not been teaching here since june.

 Ram do ganthe se nahi padh raha hai -> Ram has not been studying for two hours.

 Tum yaha do mehne se kaam nahi kar rahe ho -> You have not been working here for two months.

 

Present Perfect Continuous Interrogative

Pehchan -> Kya ke sath -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai + Time

Rules-:

Since (Fixed time)  –   For (Not fixed time)

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) -> has + sub + been + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( you , we , they , i ) -> have + sub + been + Ist form + ing

Example’s -> Kya ram yaha june se padha raha hai? -> Has ram been teaching here since june?

  Kya ram do ganthe se padh raha hai? -> Has ram been studying for two hours?

 Kya Tum yaha do mehne se kaam kar rahe ho? -> Have you been working here for two months?

 

Present Perfect Continuous Interrogative + Negative

Pehchan -> Kya ke sath + Nahi -> Raha hai , Rahi hai , Rahe hai + Time

Rules-:

Since (Fixed time)  –   For (Not fixed time)

Singular -> ( he , she , it , name ) -> has + sub + not + been + Ist form + ing
Plural -> ( you , we , they , i ) -> have + sub + not + been + Ist form + ing

Example’s -> Kya ram yaha june se nahi padha raha hai? -> Has ram not been teaching here since june?

  Kya ram do ganthe se nahi padh raha hai? -> Has ram not been studying for two hours?

 Kya Tum yaha do mehne se kaam nahi kar rahe ho? -> Have you not been working here for two months?

 

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